A Life Source on the Verge
Indonesia, the emerald of the Equator, is home to the most polluted river in the world, the Citarum River. The residents of West Java rely on the river for activities such as agriculture, fishing, water supply for homes and industries, and electricity generation.
Every day, people and industries in Bandung dispose of domestic and industrial waste directly into the Citarum River, which is estimated to exceed half of the Bandung city's total waste. Lack of public awareness of the sustainability and cleanliness of nature becomes a boomerang for their health and their own lives.
Dense populated housing on the banks alongside the Citarum river contribute to the pollution of the Citarum River. These houses have their backs to the river so that household waste - including biological waste such as feces and urine - are thrown into the river, which is considered a private backyard by residents.
Biologically, the abundance of disposable household wastes contributes to the outbreak of infectious diseases caused by contaminated water throughout the world - such as diarrhea and other gastrointestinal diseases caused by various bacteria, viruses and protozoa. In developing countries, like Indonesia, these diseases are afflicted by millions of people each year.
Even though industrial area has a significant push on the economic growth, their poisonous waste has become a steep price on the destruction of what’s once a pristine river. This fact is highly upsetting because many of the elements of industrial waste, including heavy metals, cannot be broken down and can accumulate in the food chain, causing harmful effects on living things.